Georgia is situated between Europe and Asia, occupies the central and eastern part of the Caucasus.
The territory of modern Georgia has been continuously inhabited from the early Stone Age. Historians believe that the first state mentioned in Georgia - Colchis kingdom, located on the east coast of the Black Sea. According to legend, the Argonauts were heading here for the Golden Fleece. It was here that the king of Greece Jason fell in love with the Colchis princess Medea. Greek authors describe Colchis as a strong state. Also on the territory of Georgia at different times existed Kartli, Laz, Abkhazian kingdom, Tao-Klarjeti, Kakheti, Hereti.
Georgia became united to the XI century during the reign of Bagrat III. "Golden Age" of Georgia was in the period from the beginning of the XI to the early XIII centuries. The peak period for development of the country was during the reign of Queen Tamara, called the Great (1184 - 1210). At the time of her reign Georgia reached the greatest rise, was written a masterpiece of Georgian literature - a poem by Shota Rustaveli's "The Knight in the Panther's Skin".
The country is one of the places where are concentrated many ancient monuments of human civilization. On the territory of Georgia, the remains of ancient man were found in Dmanisi, who lived 1.7-1.9 million years ago.
Georgia's main religion is Orthodox Christianity. Georgian Orthodox Church includes the majority of the population. Christianity became the state religion of Kartli (Iberia) in 326 AD, under King Mirian III.
Proselytizing is associated with the name of St. Nino. Despite the vast reverence for Christianity, Georgians are very tolerant and with due respect relate for the representatives of other religions. All religions have their own temples.
Georgian traditions are directly related with the history and beliefs. It is the country's oldest and richest traditions that evolved over many centuries. Traditions are passed down from generation to generation, carefully preserved and respected, with particular thrill. Among the most common traditions can be called hospitality, feasts culture, and, of course, the wedding customs. Winemaking also for many centuries is not only the basis of Georgia's economic well-being, but also part of its spiritual culture.
All Georgia can be called one big attraction. Every region offers something to see and learn something new. In a small area of the country there are many ancient churches and monasteries, architectural monuments, national parks.
The republic features of about 300 mountain, coastal climatic, balneological and mud resorts. Winter resorts are active from late December to late April, and the summer resorts invite to a holiday from May to mid-October.
Landscapes of Georgia - a unique combination of landscape components: mountains, green valleys, fast flowing rivers, seaside sunny coast. Nature of Georgia is extremely diverse due to its geographical location, difficult terrain and altitudinal zonation.
Georgia has a huge tourism potential. Amazing, hospitable country has always attracted explorers and tourists with its unique location, the rich ancient history, diverse nature and ancient traditions.
Georgia offers various types of tourism: adventure, culture, wine, archeological, ski, gastronomic, ethnographic, mountain, sea, etc. The ability to combine leisure activities rapidly increases the number of visitors coming here.
Climate of Georgia
The western part of Georgia is located in the subtropical climate zone, and the east - in the Mediterranean. A reliable barrier from cold winds is the Caucasian Mountain Range, so it is warm in Georgia almost all year.
Relief of Georgia
The territory of Georgia combines plains and mountainous terrain. There is a sandy coast and high mountain ranges. The highest point on Georgia map - Shkhara (5067.8 m), located in the mountains of the Caucasus Mountains.
Currency of Georgia
The official unit of currency in Georgia – lari (GEL). There are exchangers at all the resorts.
Religion in Georgia
The main part of population of the country is Orthodox Christians. Georgians are very tolerant and respectful to all religions. The right to freedom of religion in Georgia is enshrined in the Constitution.
The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. De jure, it is the only city of national importance. Georgia is divided into 12 administrative regions:
- Kvemo Kartli
- Shida Kartli
- Autonomous Republic of Adjara
- Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia
- Racha Luchhumi and Lower Svaneti
- Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti (Upper Svaneti)
On the website "Mouzenidis Travel" you can read about the most popular tourist regions of Georgia, select a hotel and book your flights to Georgia.