Цхалтубо

Georgia

Tskaltubo

    About resort

    On the banks of the Tskhaltubo river, the balneological resort of the same name is located, which is located at a distance of 10 kilometers northwest of Kutaisi. This place is more than 250 distant from the capital, and 70 kilometers will have to be overcome to the sea. However, tourists do not seek here for marine entertainment and beach vacations.

    Healing power of mineral waters

    The Caucasus is a place with a surprisingly mild climate. Long warm summers, mild winters make Tskaltubo an excellent option for a trip at any time of the year. From the cold winds in winter, the city is protected by the Samgural ridge. On average, the temperature rises in summer to 25, and in winter - up to 5 degrees Celsius, snow here is an extremely rare occurrence. Season in Tskhaltubo considered to be the period from May to October, however, the hotels work all year round, no one will refuse the procedures. And off-season treatment is cheaper.

    Favorable climate, however, is not the only advantage of this Georgian resort. True gift of nature is healing springs with a high content of nitrogen and radon in the water. For a long time, the mineral waters of this region were considered to be "living" by the inhabitants. Miraculous action of the sources gives everyone strength and health. The healing effect is complemented by the incredible beauty of the surrounding mountains, the aromas of needles and eucalyptus trees of local forests and incredibly fresh air.

    People come to Tskaltubo for treatment with various diseases: from the nervous system to the musculoskeletal system. Healing sources help fight skin and gynecological diseases, problems with the cardiovascular or endocrine systems. Spa treatment takes place within 15-20 days, however, a shortened program aimed at restoring strength and tone, as well as relieving fatigue and stress, is offered to those who wish. This course lasts 3 days. You can come for treatment for both adults and children.

    It offers vacationers a huge number of procedures aimed at various diseases. These are varieties of physiotherapy exercises and massages, healing baths with mineral water, all kinds of shower options using water, inhalations, physiotherapeutic and rehabilitation procedures. Local therapeutic muds, which are actively used in the course of sanatorium recovery, are equally popular.

    What is especially interesting, regardless of the duration of the procedure, water retains all its chemical and physical indicators, therefore, during the whole process, the body has a healing effect. This is done thanks to a special technique in Tskhaltubo - baths with fresh water.

    But coming to mineral springs, it is worth remembering that any medicine, even natural, has its contraindications. Radon waters are no exception. Tskhaltubo procedures are not recommended for people with chronic diseases, especially oncological ones, because bathing can only worsen the situation and aggravate the course of the disease. Radon-water treatment of people with radiation exposure and blood problems is also undesirable. One way or another, before the procedures it is necessary to consult a doctor who will make a special appointment. Another important healing resource of the Georgian resort are karst caves. Their microclimate favorably affects hypertonic manifestations, patients with bronchial asthma and people suffering from neuroses.

    History

    The kings of Georgia and their entourage came here to improve their health with the help of healing mineral springs. When the territory of Georgia came under the power of the Russian Empire, nobles and Russian military began to come to the resort. True, then Tskhaltubo did not yet have a resort value.

    Tskhaltubo became a full-fledged resort in Soviet times, when Stalin was in power. The occasion was the numerous races and exile of the "father of all nations", where he significantly spoiled his own health, having acquired a decent amount of illness.

    As governor of the state, Stalin received a recommendation from Kremlin doctors to go to Tskhaltubo for treatment of back and leg problems in radon baths. Georgian by nationality, Joseph Vissarionovich had an idea about the healing potential of the city, so he listened to the advice of doctors. This was a turning point in the history of Tskhaltubo, because after Stalin’s trip "to the waters" the place began to acquire the importance of a resort of all-Union scale. Ruler himself was personally involved in the issues of turning a quiet town into a resort city. The consequences of this are noticeable: atypical buildings for that period and the layout of the territory. Huge roundabouts and wide roads stand out clearly, which is not characteristic of Georgian cities. This is due to the fact that Tskhaltubo claimed to be a truly grandiose resort, which should have large streets and plenty of space.

    Since the 30s of the twentieth century, the resort has been fully provided thanks to the constant influx of tourists from different countries to local sanatoriums, unlike some other cities in Georgia. However, because of this, Tskhaltubo was experiencing harder times in the period of the 90s, when in large cities they had difficulty, but coped with difficulties, but the balneological resort was focused on guests from large cities of the Soviet Union: Kiev, Moscow, Leningrad. It was these categories of tourists that suddenly disappeared from the sanatoriums of Tskhaltubo. In some places, the consequences of this difficult time are noticeable now: there are dilapidated arbors and parks, abandoned buildings and Soviet bas-reliefs.

    The resort received a new stage of development already in the zero. Along with the buildings remaining from the Soviet period, completely new spa complexes with a wide range of services, including premium ones, began to appear.

    Sight

    It is easy to guess that the balneological resort is best known for its healing sights - baths, mineral springs and others. They are in the city park, as well as on Rustaveli street (this is the eastern border of the park), where, in addition, there are the city hall, prestigious hotels, and the municipality. Once in the city park, you can look not only at the baths, but also take a walk to the fountain source, it is open to all visitors. Locals say that this mineral water can significantly improve the condition of the eyes. It needs to be drunk, as well as actively washed, while maximizing water in the eyes.

    All the necessary information for vacationers is available in the tourist information center. You can find it in the building of the old railway station of Tskhaltubo.

    Going to the western part of the city park, you should definitely visit the local museum of local lore. The ticket price for an adult is 2 lari, students can see the exposition for half a lari, and students for 1 lari. Guided tour will cost 5 GEL, while it will be as informative and interesting as possible.

    The real attraction of Tskaltubo can be considered the city market. The first floor is filled with various aromas, because spices and food are sold here. The second floor is occupied by household goods and various cheeses. This market is an excellent option for purchasing products for the whole family, and you will not have to doubt the quality of the goods, and everything will be very tasty.

    Moving from the park in a northeast direction, you can come to Lake Tsivi. Here you can relax by the water, as well as have a tasty lunch in the nearby Lake side cafe.

    The most interesting sights are located outside the Tskhaltubo in the immediate vicinity of the city. First of all, the Sataplia Nature Reserve deserves attention. Here is a karst cave 900 meters deep. Also in the reserve you can go to a transparent observation deck and see the traces of a real dinosaur.

    From 10 kilometers from Tskhaltubo, a tourist gets to another interesting attraction of Imereti (however, even the whole of Georgia) - Kumistavi cave.

    Travelers from all over the world know it as the cave of Prometheus. This is not only a unique natural memorial, but also a place extremely useful for those who suffer from diseases of the respiratory system due to their microclimate (the same goes for Sataplia cave). However, there is a contraindication to such a “treatment” - claustrophobia.

    And a little further north you can visit the true "pearls" of the Imereti region. One of them is Okatse Canyon, which is famous for its magnificent views from any point. You can take a walk along the unique cantilever bridge literally along the canyon wall, which will become a vivid memory of Tskhaltubo's journey. Kinchha - a complex of waterfalls, popular with tourists. They are located on the Okats river, and the largest waterfall reaches a height of about 100 meters.

    Of course, a trip to Kutaisi will be an interesting adventure. The capital of Imereti is literally 20 kilometers away from Tskhaltubo. It is especially convenient to do this on your own car. However, for those who do not have personal transport, an original tour conducted by local residents is an excellent option to see the whole region. People who are completely different in profession, while loving their land with all their heart, will be pleased to share interesting information with everyone.

    How to get there

    Minibus 105 will help you to come from Kutaisi to the resort, while you will need to go even less than half an hour. The price of the trip is 2 GEL. But the journey from the capital of Georgia, Tbilisi, will last 3 hours, and the ticket will cost 20 GEL . Minibuses in this direction leave daily from Didube bus station.

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    • Пещера Прометея

    Цхалтубские карстовые пещеры расположены в 5 км от города. Наиболее посещаемая туристами и оборудованная для экскурсий – пещера Прометея (Кумистави), открытая спелеологами в 1984 г. Название в честь мифического героя пещера получила из-за вида на гору Хвамли: по легенде, к этой горе был прикован Прометей. Длина маршрута в пещере Прометея составляет чуть более 1,5 км. Температура воды и воздуха держится на отметке 14 °С: для посещения нужно запастись теплой одеждой. Подземные залы можно пройти пешком, а можно преодолеть маршрут внутри пещеры на лодке. 
    По маршруту можно увидеть уникальные сталактиты и сталагмиты, а помимо познавательной прогулки посещать пещеру можно с оздоровительной целью: микроклимат благоприятен для дыхательной системы.
    В пещере регулярно организуются светомузыкальные лазерные шоу.

    • Кутаиси

    Город может стать стартовой точкой для путешествий по Западной Грузии. В городе стоит увидеть значимый памятник истории – храм царя Баграта. Неподалеку расположены заповедник Сатаплия, руины Нокалакеви, храмы Мартвили, винодельческий регион Рача-Лечхуми, который называют грузинской Швейцарией. Из Кутаиси можно поехать в Абролаури, увидеть на центральной площади городка памятник вину Хванчкара, и, конечно же, попробовать его именно здесь – в регионе производства. В 3 км от Кутаиси находятся исторические монастыри Гелати и Моцамета.

    • Храм Баграта

    Расположен на возвышении над правым берегом реки Риони в Кутаиси. Путь к храму ведет по зигзагообразной дороге, а вознаграждением за непростой подъем становится впечатляющий вид со смотровой площадки. 
    Храм возведен в 1003 году, когда три грузинских царства объединились в одно, но освобождение Грузии от арабов было еще далекой перспективой. В дальнейшем храм был сильно разрушен турками и долгое время лежал в руинах. Сегодня он восстановлен, но всё же производит на посетителей особенное, таинственное впечатление.

    • Монастырь Гелати

    Считается, что отсюда берет начало грузинский Золотой век. Под сводами монастыря были коронованы Давид Строитель и царица Тамара. На территории монастыря расположены три храма, колокольня, хозяйственные постройки. С территории открывается панорамный вид на Рачинские горы.

    • Монастырь Моцамета

    По пути в Гелати можно посетить отреставрированный монастырь Моцамета, расположенный на живописной скале над ущельем. Монастырь возведен на месте, где были похоронены братья-мученики Давид и Константин, князья Аргвети, убитые арабами в 736 году. Гробница братьев находится сразу справа от входа. Есть поверье, что счастье ожидает тех, кто трижды сможет преодолеть тесный тоннель, устроенный под гробницей.

    • Сатаплийский заповедник

    Карстовые пещеры этого заповедного места напоминают о том, что когда-то здесь обитали динозавры. Увидеть следы доисторических обитателей планеты можно в известняковых отложениях. На территории заповедника есть «Пещера динозавров», в которой можно совершить путешествие в далекую эпоху, по пути встречая реалистичные скульптуры динозавров. Еще один необычный объект Сатаплийской пещеры – сталагмит в форме сердца. Осматривая его, стоит быть готовыми ко встрече с хранителями пещеры – редким видом летучих мышей. После посещения пещеры маршрут продолжается прогулкой по заповеднику.

    • Каньон Окаце

    Популярная достопримечательность в 50 км от Кутаиси. Вдоль скал в ущелье реки Окаце на высоте 140м над землей устроена подвесная пешеходная тропа с мостиками и «балконами». Протяженность тропы – 780 м.

    • Каньон Мартвили

    Узкий каньон образован рекой Абаша и окружен высокими скалами и живописными горами. Глубина его составляет от 50 до 70 м, протяженность около 2,5 км.
    Мартвильский каньон в последние годы стал очень популярным среди туристов. Центром притяжения это места сделали впечатляющий километровый каньон с водопадом и находки палеонтологов: здесь были обнаружены следы обитания первобытного человека, а также доисторических животных, населяющих планету десятки миллионов лет назад. Почему бы не увидеть следы ископаемых обитателей Земли и даже их окаменевшие скелеты, а помимо этого совершить прогулку на лодке по заповедной местности.

    • Водопад Кинчха

    Один из наиболее высоких и эффектных водопадов Грузии, расположен в каньоне реки Окаце. «Большой» Кинчха представляет собой каскад водопадов, состоящий из двух ступеней, впадающих в реку. Назван водопад по имени местонахождения – поселков Зеда-Кинхча и Кведа-Кинчха. Первая ступень каскада – это водопад высотой в 100 метров, красивый и мощный. В месте падения водопада Кинхча образовалось небольшое озеро, вода из которого образует вторую ступень каскада, водный поток в которой слабее и меньше по высоте, всего 20 метров. Водоемы верхнего каньоне прежде использовались князьями как купальни, о чем напоминают постройки из белого камня.