The capital of Arcadia is the city of Tripolis, built in the center of the plateau of Arcadia, which allowed it to quickly develop and dominate the region. Today it is the important commercial, agricultural and political center of the Peloponnese, with modern buildings, traditional houses and large squares.
A bit of history
After the collapse of the Roman power in the west, Arcadia became part of the Greek-speaking Byzantine Empire. Arcadia remained a beautiful, secluded area, and its inhabitants became proverbial as herdsmen leading simple pastoral unsophisticated, yet happy lives. Arcadia was immortalized by Virgil's Eclogues, and later by Jacopo Sannazaro in his pastoral masterpiece Arcadia.
The region fell into the hands of the Ottoman Turks in 1460. With the exception of a period of Venetian rule in 1687–1715, the region remained under Turkish control until 1821.
Arcadia is abundant with the gifts of nature such as juicy apples, sour cherries, robust potatoes, sublime olive oil, heavenly honey, sweet chestnuts, fresh walnuts, delicious garlic, wild greens (myronia), etc. Traditional products include the spoon sweets, tsipouro, cheeses: feta and mezithra (a full-bodied white soft cheese that's not salty), cooked meats, hylopites (pasta), trahana (a dried grain-like food made with milk products, egg and flour), etc.
In Tripoli you might find a sweet brandy-type drink with a scent of almond and vanilla called Tipota meaning "Nothing", produced by Nick Biris in 1949, originally devised for people, who reply 'nothing' when asked what they want to drink.
The central Peloponnese produces a particular type of grape for wine known as Moschofilero from Mantinea.