The first state in the region was the Volga Bulgaria, founded in the late IX - early X century by Turkic tribes. Bulgaria for a long time remained the only developed state formation in the north-east of Europe. In the 922 as the state religion was adopted by Islam, then Bulgaria became part of the empire of Genghis Khan, and then became part of the Golden Horde. As a result of the collapse of the Golden Horde in the Volga region, a new feudal state - Khanate of Kazan was founded (1438). After the capture of Kazan in 1552 the troops of Ivan the Terrible, the Kazan Khanate ceased to exist and was attached to the Russian state.
In 1708, the territory of today's Tatarstan became part of the vast Kazan province, which extended the original boundaries of the north to Kostroma, in the east to the Ural Mountains, in the south to the Terek River in the west to Murom and Penza. Kazan maintains the status of the capital of the province for more than 200 years.
Before 1920 the current territory of the Republic of Tatarstan was not called either "Tataria" or "Republic of Tatarstan" either officially or unofficially. Kazan in the Russian part of the Kazan kingdom was called first, and later the Kazan province, and only in 1920 the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was established on the initiative of Lenin. From 1992 to the present time is known as the Republic of Tatarstan.
The Republic of Tatarstan is located in the east of the East European Plain and is divided into three parts by valleys of the rivers Volga and Kama. The local sightseeing tours are very popular among tourists, because on the territory of Tatarstan is a lot of "historic cities", where preserved the architectural monuments, ensembles and complexes, which are historical and cultural monuments.
In 2006 it was developed the tourist route "Pearl Necklace of Tatarstan", consisting of two rings - Small and Large.
Small ring surrounds Kazan and passes through the territories of the municipal areas, adjacent to the capital of the republic: Zelenodolsk, Verkhneuslonsk, Laishevo, Pestrechinsk and Arsk. Each has a distinct culture, ethnicity, nature, history and architecture. Popular radial excursion routes: Kazan - Raifa, Kazan - the island-town Sviyazhsk, Kazan - Laishevo, Kazan - Arsk, Kazan - Kokushkino.
Big ring combines Kazan, Bolgar, Bilyarsk, Chistopol and Yelabuga. The greatest interest for tourists here have the historic and architectural museums-reserves (Kazan Kremlin, Bulgarians, Bilyarsk, Elabuga), excavations of ancient settlements (Djuketau, Bilyar, Suvar), as well as unique natural areas of the Volga-Kama reserve, Spassky reserve and Chistye Luga.