30 km west of Pskov, the Old Russian Izborsk fortress is located.Originally Isborsk was situated on the Truvorovo settlement.It is the name of the place on a 48-meter high gabled cape, which drops off steeply to the lake. The cape dominates the wide open spaces and Izborsk Basin. To the east, it is protected by Lake Gorodischenskoe, to the west and north, by deep and steep ravines.
It is impossible not to admire the magnificent and breathtaking panorama! The mellifluous names complete the fascinating picture, emanating antiquity: Slovenian springs, Slovenian field, the Smolka River ... Oblong stone slabs and Truvor's huge stone cross excite the imagination (it has actually no relation to the pagan Truvor and was created in the XIV-XVB centuries).
Shrouded in legends, Truvorovo settlement was first mentioned in chronicles in 862 AD. Scientists argue that ancient Isborsk, then known as Slovensk, was a tribal center of one of the branches of the Krivichy and appeared before Pskov.According to the legend, it was founded by the ancient prince Sloven.Later, the city was renamed in honor of Izbor, Sloven's great-grandson.
As it was established, ancient Isborsk was founded at the turn of VII-VIII centuries on the lake cape.In the IX century the fortified settlement was small, occupying an area of about 4500 sq mAt its center there was an oval square. Isborsk was protected by an arcuate earthen rampart.
By the beginning of the XII century, Isborsk was rebuilt again. The rampart reached a height of 6 m The wooden wall of the ancient city was replaced with a stone wall and tower. Its width reached 3 m, its height - 3 m and was laid dry.The tower was constructed of limestone and was hexagonal. The thickness of its walls was not less than 1.5 m The tower was completed with a log superstructure with a conical roof. Near the tower, a hidden exit (0.8 m wide and 1 m high) was built in the wall, enclosed with fieldstone from outside. It made possible unexpected assaults against the besiegers.
In the XI - XIII centuries, the stone fortress had two gates: the western gate was used for communicating with the town, and the eastern led to Lake Gorodishenskoe, where a berth and a market could have been located.
With the rise of Pskov Isborsk lost its former glory and turned into a suburb of its powerful neighbor.