The extensive national rail network connects the cities in the country; to the north is more developed rail transport, in the south the largest transportation network is car.
In Italy, it is used six types of trains: Pengolino, Eurocity, Inter City, Expresso (stop at major stations / central station), Directto (stops at most stations) and the Locale (stops at all stations). Tickets can be purchased in advance, a maximum of 2 months before the trip, at the central station of the city or in the agencies under the guise of FS (Ferrovie dello Stato - State Railways). By purchasing tickets through a travel agent, you can avoid the queues. It’s possible to reserve seats not later than 1 day prior to departure at a travel agency, and 3 hours prior to departure at the station. Tickets for travel within 100 km from Rome can be purchased at tobacconists or vending machines at the stations. All tickets must be noted in special machines that are installed on the platform.
Buses are not very popular as trips by train are much cheaper. In cities all stops of intercity bus are made the request. Orange buses and trams operate from 6 am to midnight. Night buses marked with the letter N.
Entrance to the bus is carried out in the back door, exit - in the middle of the cabin. There are the so-called time-limited tickets, allowing for a fixed price (about 1 euro) to make three trips by public transport within 75 minutes. Tickets for city bus can be purchased at newspaper or tobacco kiosks, and need to be composted in the bus. Most cities offer day tickets. Composter mark allows to determine the beginning of the ticket. Transportation prices vary depending on the city. Tourist ticket for one day costs about € 5 and entitles you to unlimited travel on all types of public transport. Ticket for the week (Settimanale) costs 12 euros, you can buy it at kiosks ATAC.
Taxis can be ordered by telephone from the hotel, bar, restaurant or phone booth, but you will have to pay for the time that the taxi will spend driving to the place of the call. Taxi in Rome takes payment for the land, and the first 3 kilometers are around 5 euros (as a result a short taxi ride in Rome is unprofitable), then - about 1 euro per kilometer. From 22.00 to 07.00 it provides a night surcharge - 1,76 euro per kilometer, at the usual time on Sundays and public holidays - 0.59 euros. Each official taxi has a special plaque in English, which explains the additional fees for luggage, for night travel, Sundays and holidays, or for the way to the airport.
Rome Metro consists of three "branches". Lines A and B cross the city diagonally, have one transfer hub station "Termini". You can buy tickets at the station directly at the ticket machines.
There are one-day and weekly tickets, valid for the metro, trams and buses.
Waterbus is a form of public transport in Venice. Ticket price varies depending on the route; there are single or daily tickets.
Rent a car
You can rent a car only if you have a credit card and international driving license. Rent a small car costs at least 90 euros per day. Renting a car for long term daily cost is reduced.
The speeds limit on highways - 130 km/h, on roads outside the cities - 110 km/h (unless otherwise specified limit). Fines for drunk-driving are high, perhaps a punishment as imprisonment.
Many gas stations are not serviced after 19:00, as well as 2-3 hours in the middle of the day, and closed on Sundays. Gas stations on highways work around the clock. Using traffic signal is prohibited in places where there is a sign Zona di silenzio.