Gobustan Historical, Ethnographic and Art Reserve is a rocky massif on the foot of the south-eastern part of the Greater Caucasus Range, near the Caspian Sea and a modern highway built on the ancient Shirvan road. Here was found a huge number of rock drawings, dwellings, ancient people's sites and mounds. The rocks of Gobustan also keep the memory of Roman legions staying here.
However, the earliest period of human life the rocks of Gobustan is not the only period witnessed by Gobustan Rocks. They reflect the history of the region of over 15 thousands of years - from the Lower Paleolithic to the Middle Ages.
The first excavations began here in the 1930s. A that period were discovered near 4000 rock images, graphics and signs, as well as man-made pits, holes in the rocks. Since 1965, a special scientific expedition was engaged in the study of the monuments of Gobustan . Archaeological investigations of over 20 homes and shelters and of over 40 mound graves were carried out. Up to 300 petroglyphs were discovered and registered. And on September 9, 1966 the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR declared Gobustan to be a nature reserve.
In 2007, the cultural landscape of the rock carvings of Gobustan was included in the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage.